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Sterilisation For Dogs And Cats

Education > Dog Health & Behaviour 13th March 2019
 


WHAT IS STERILISATION?

In a female pet, spaying is the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus. In a male pet, neutering is the surgical removal of the testicles.

Your pets are brought to the clinic in the morning after being fasted the night before. Blood tests will be done to ensure they are fit for the procedure. After surgery, we monitor them in our wards until they are fully conscious from general anaesthesia and usually, they can go home in the evening. Besides preventing unwanted litters of puppies and kittens, there are medical and behavioural benefits of sterilising your pets.

WHAT ARE THE MEDICAL BENEFITS OF STERILISATION FOR FEMALE PETS?

Sterilised pets generally live longer, healthier lives. Spaying your female dog or cat before her first heat (before one year of age) offers the best protection from diseases such as ovarian cysts, uterine tumours, mammary tumours and pyometra.

WHAT ARE THE MEDICAL BENEFITS OF STERILISTION FOR MALE PETS?

When your male dog or cat is sterilised, both the testicles are surgically removed. This eliminates the risk of testicular tumours. Sterilising your male pets also reduces the risk of prostate diseases including hyperplasia, prostatitis, and infection which can lead to abscess formation. Without the male hormone testosterone that is produced within the testicles, the male prostate gland does not develop as normal. With very little prostatic tissue present, your male pet is less at risk of developing prostate diseases.

BEHAVIOURAL BENEFITS OF STERILISATION

  • Sterilised pets are generally calmer and contented to stay indoors.
  • A neutered male dog or cat is less likely to spray urine, mark or wander out of the house in search of a female dog or cat in heat.
  • Desexed male cats are less likely to get into fights with other cats – reduces likelihood of cat bite infections such as abscesses and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).

DOES STERILISING MY PETS MAKE THEM FAT?

It is the lack of exercise and overfeeding that cause our dogs or cats to put on weight. Continue to provide regular exercise and activities and monitor food intake to help your pets stay fit and trim.

PET OVER-POPULATION

If you are thinking of letting your dog or cat have one litter before spaying them, or let your children witness the miracle of birth, please reconsider. Pet over-population is a big problem not only in Singapore but also in other countries. There are many homeless dogs and cats in shelters waiting to be adopted.